OSCAR is based on extensive research
Core research base
Bolliver, V, "How fair is access to more prestigious UK universities?" The British Journal of Sociology, 64.2 (2013): 344-364
Key findings: The paper takes UCAS data from 1996-2006. Analysis of offer rates to Russell Group universities shows that, after controlling for grade attainment, state school students are a third less likely to receive an offer than similarly qualified candidates in the private sector
Jerrim J, Vignoles, A & Finnie, R (2012) "University access for disadvantaged children: a comparison across English speaking countries", Department of Quantitative Social Science, Institute of Education
Key findings: When grade attainment is taken into account, students from the UK state sector are significantly less likely to attend a "selective university" than their privately-educated peers.
Jerrim J, "Family background and access to high status universities" Sutton Trust (2013)
Key findings: Disparities in access to top universities between the state and private sector cannot be explained by grades alone. With identical grades, a state school student is at least a quarter less likely to gain admission to a leading university.
Kendall L, O'Leary J, "Degrees of Success: university chances by individual schools" Sutton Trust (2011)
Key findings: Four schools and one college accounted for more Oxbridge acceptances than the combined total of two thousand state-schools.
Jones S, "“Ensure That You Stand Out from the Crowd”: A Corpus-Based Analysis of Personal Statements according to Applicants’ School Type, Comparative Education Review, 57:3 (2013), pp. 397-423
Key findings: Analysis of a corpus of 309 statements reveals consistent disparities between the personal statements produced in the state and private sectors
Jones S, "The Personal Statement: A fair way to assess applicants?" Sutton Trust (2012)
Key findings: analysis of 300 candidates with the same grades applying to the same institution reveals significant and consistent differences between state and private school applicants. State school students in the study receive a markedly lower level of acceptance at "Sutton Trust 30 universities."